### INTRODUCTION TO PIPELINE DESIGN AND ENGINEERING

COURSE CONTENTS

Pipeline Engineering:

• Pipeline Design Scope of Work
• Basic Concept and Definitions
• Stages of Pipeline Projects
• Data Collection Method for Design
• Requirements for Pipeline Project Execution
• Standards, Codes and Regulation
• Pipeline Network and Gathering System

Materials Selection, Specification and Fittings:

• Introduction to Class And Schedule
• Application Of Code/Standard And Selection
• Methods of Pipe Connections
• ANSI B16.6 and API 6A Pressure Rating
• Determination of Pressure Break
• Types, Materials, Classes and Specifications of Pipes, Valves and Fittings

Development and Applications of Basic Equations and Factors:

• Bernoulli’s Equation
• Darcy’s  Equation
• Reynold’s Number
• Liquid And Gas Viscosity
• Relative Roughness
• Frictional Factor - Equation and Charts.
• Z – Factor Correlation
• General and Empirical Hazen – Williams Equation For Liquids.
• Isothermal, General, Weymouth and Panhandle Equations.
• Approximate Equations for Small Pressure Drops
• Spitzglass Equation for Very Low Pressure Line
• Fritzsch’s and Babcock Equation for Steam Flow.
• AGA, API RP 14 E and Other Empirical Equations for 2-Phase Flow
• Application of Pressure Drop Equations
• Effects of Elevation on Pipeline Pressure Drop

Head Loss in Valves and Fitting:

• Resistance and Flow Coefficients
• Equivalent Length Determination
• Flow Rate and Surge Factor Consideration
• Pressure Drop Consideration
• Erosion Velocity

Line Sizing Determination:

• Single Phase Liquid and Gas Line Sizing
• 2- Phase Line Sizing
• Multiphase Line Sizing
• Industrial Standard and Design Code Requirement
• General Hoop Stress Formula
• ASME/ANSI, B31.3, B31.4, B31.8 Equation
• Location Class Determination

Pipe Stress Calculation:

• Weight Stress.
• Internal Pressure Stress
• Thermal Stress
• Expansion
• Pipe Dynamic
• Span Analysis Calculation (Spacing for pipe support)

Pipeline Rout selection and Overall Map:

• On Bottom Stability in Pipeline Design
• Alignment Sheet Configuration
• Procedure and Consideration for Buried and Crossing
• Right of Way Consideration (Road, River, Rail Crossing)
• Data Sheet Specification.       